Method 3: Understand Gestational Diabetes
Learn about insulin resistance
Although the cause of pregnancy diabetes is unclear, some women develop insulin resistance during pregnancy, meaning cells found in their bodies do not respond normally to insulin. All cells in the body use glucose (sugar) to produce the required energy needed for the cells in our body to work properly. Glucose is produced from food, especially from simple and complex carbohydrates. Insulin, the hormone produced by our pancreas, is known to be the primary chemical carrier that tells cells that it’s time to take glucose. Insulin is also involved in giving signalling the lever to use glucose and converting it into a glucose storage form called glycogen.
- Insulin is also part of the many other functions such as fat and protein
- If cells are resistant to insulin, the signal given off from the insulin will be ignored or unresponsive. This will increase glucose levels found in blood. When a situation like this happens, the pancreas will responds by producing more insulin. The major problem is actually insulin has no effect on resistant cells, blood glucose levels continue to rise. The body responds by altering high levels of glucose into fat, and it can cause chronic inflammatory scenarios and other disorders such as metabolic syndrome, heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.
Realizing the effect
If insulin resistance is not controlled or done correctly during pregnancy, you may experience pregnancy diabetes. The impact is great on your body as well as your baby. The main impact on baby is the increased fat in the bloodstream, which causes the baby to gain weight. Babies also have a higher risk of a smooth delivery due to their size making the process harder than usual, respiratory problems, obesity, irregular blood sugar levels, and Type 2 diabetes after adulthood.
- Mothers face a high risk when going through a cesarean section. There is a chance for Type 2 diabetes developing after childbirth, and high blood pressure prior and after labor.
Identify the symptoms
Gestational diabetics often show no symptoms, and usually, begin around mid-pregnancy. Symptoms will be difficult to identify. However, when it appears, the symptoms are much similar to Type 2 diabetes.
- Distressed vision, due to blurring or other problems
- Infection in the skin, vagina and bladder
- Vomiting and nausea during pregnancy
- Increased in appetite that comes along with weight loss
- Frequent thirst
- Frequent urination
Diagnosis of gestational diabetes
In a gestational diabetes tests, a doctor will ask for a blood test to test blood glucose levels. The doctor will also ask for glucose tolerance tests to determine efficient can your body handles sugar. Babies are also monitored with ultrasound to determine whether their body size is irregular, and their heart rate is checked with fetal monitors.
Are you at risk?
You could bear the risk of having gestational diabetes. Knowing it is a great way to help the situation. If you have had previous pregnancies or have had a baby that weighs more than 5 kg at births or you are overweight or having a family or siblings that was diagnose with type 2 diabetes, you are likely to have Type 2 diabetes.
- The risk is also higher if you are diagnosed with a pre-diabetic condition, insulin resistance or metabolism syndrome, metabolic syndrome is a number of problems including high blood pressure, excess weight in the abdomen and waist, higher blood glucose levels than normal, and high cholesterol or risk levels during pregnancy.
- In addition, the risk of pregnancy diabetes will also be higher in American women of African, Indian, Asian, Spanish / Latin, or inhabitants of the Pacific islands.
- Many other symptoms also increase the risk of gestational diabetes. If you experience a hormonal disorder known as the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), you are likely to experience pregnancy diabetes. The characteristic of PCOS is the growth of cysts in the ovaries that cause menstrual problems and