In the past 30 years, the number of Type 2 diabetes sufferer has skyrocketed. Type 2 diabetes is seen as an epidemic in the western countries. Diabetes was initially considered rare and mild, it is commonly found among the elderly, but now it becomes a chronic disease of all ages. Diabetes does not discriminate; it affects people of all ages, races, and backgrounds, and has now become the leading cause of premature death in many countries. Someone dies every 10 seconds in the world due to Type 2 Diabetes. This article focuses on the ways of preventing Type 2 Diabetes.
Diabetes comes in various types
Diabetes affects how blood sugar (glucose) is processed in the human body. Glucose is an important source of energy that will go into the bloodstream after digestion. Insulin that is usually produced by the pancreas helps separate glucose out of the blood and distributes it to the liver, muscles, and fat cells, and then turns into energy that can be used for the body. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. About 10 percent of diabetic’s patients have type 1 diabetics, while the majority has type 2. Briefly speaking, diabetes can be described as follow:
- Type 1 diabetes: This condition involves the destruction of more than 90 percent of cells producing insulin from the pancreas, causing the pancreas to stop insulin or make it in very small amounts. Type 1 diabetes tends to occur before the age of 30 and can involve environmental and genetic factors.
- Type 2 diabetes: While the pancreas continues to produce insulin or higher insulin levels, the body develops resistance to insulin, causing insulin scarring for the body but blood sugar levels remain high. This type of diabetes can occur in children and adolescents, usually starting in people over the age of 30 and becoming more common in elderly people. Type 2 have no symptoms for many years or even decades before being diagnosed, and if left untreated, it may severely affect your life.
- Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. When undiagnosed and/or untreated, serious side effects can hurt the mother and affect the fetus. Gestational diabetes, which is cured after delivery, can increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future, and gestational diabetes can occur again in the next pregnancy. After 15 to 20 years, chances of being exposed to cardiovascular disease will also increase from 1.5 to 7.8 times!
- Diabetes can occur from surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections and other diseases, and hereditary disorders (such as cyst fibrosis). Diabetes insipidus is not associated with blood sugar levels. This is a relatively rare disease and is not covered in this article.
Type 2 diabetes can change your life, so knowing the danger is an important part of motivating you to live a better lifestyle. Often diabetes complications occur suddenly. Types of diabetes complications include:
- Down the blood supply to the skin and the nerves
- Fat substances and blood clotting clog of the blood vessels (Atherosclerosis)
- Heart failure, and stroke
- Cramping legs while walking
- Permanent blurred vision
- Renal failure (kidney)
- Nerve damage (numbness, pain, and loss of function)
- Inflammation, infections and skin damage
- Angina (heart pain)