Method 3: Educate Yourself About Diabetes – Part 2
Knowing the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a very serious complication of diabetes. This condition occurs when the production of insulin is inadequate, resulting in increased production of blood acid levels called ketones that serve to decompose the fat to be used as fuel. People with type 1 diabetes should know how to test the urine ketone (high acid content not solid) with strips of reagents that are sold freely. This strip is the most direct method of testing this condition because it can tell if the ketone content in your urine is high.
There are also other signs of diabetic ketoacidosis, for example:
• Excessive thirst
• High blood sugar or hyperglycemia
• Nausea and vomiting
• Frequent urination
• Feeling weak, tired, or vomiting
• Difficult to concentrate
• Stomach ache
• Blurred vision
• Hard to breathe
• If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately go to the ER so that you can receive treatment at the hospital. Immediately correct your dose of insulin while waiting for help.
Know the symptoms of hypoglycemia.
When undergoing insulin therapy, hypoglycemia may result from poor food intake, vomiting, skipping meals, strenuous exercise, or when insulin doses rise. Patients with hypoglycemia can faint if not treated on time, so you should know the signs, among others:
• Body shaking
• Blurred vision
• Severe headache
• Rapid or irregular heartbeat
• It is known that the B-blocker drug used to treat a number of heart disorders such as angina pectoris can cover all of the above hypoglycemia symptoms, except for sweating.
• If you experience any of these symptoms, eat or drink something that contains sugar, such as rock sugar or fruit juice. The portion of 15-20 grams of sugar is enough. After 15 minutes, test your sugar levels again. If still low, consume again another sugar as much as 15-20 grams and contact emergency services.